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Black Gum

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Common Name/ Latin Name- Nyssa sylvatica Hardy Planting Zones- Eastern U.S /native to Kentucky Mature Height- 30 to 50 feet Mature Width- 20 to 30 feet

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Here's how your plants will look on arrival. All plants are dormant with no leaves or foliage.

Black Gum - Nyssa Sylvatica

Black Gum or Nyssa sylvatica is an Eastern North American tree. This kind of tree is found in places like Ontario Canada to locations like the coast of Florida and Texas. This tree is considered a Kentucky native as well as a native to North America. Occasionally the trees are found in Mexico. The USDA hardiness zone for Black Gum trees is 4-9. Due to the Black Gum’s densely packed branches and leaves, this tree is considered a shade tree because it can block sunlight. The Black Gum can grow between 30 to 50 feet tall and can reach between 20 and 30 feet in diameter once it reaches full maturity. The sun exposure preference for this tree is full to partial sunlight with between 4 and 5 hours of direct sunlight.

The Black Gum tree can grow in different soil types: acidic, moist, loamy, and sandy. Due to the trees durability, it can live in different areas of the United States as well as Canada. However, The Black Gum tree prefers well-drained moist soil with acidity, and this will allow the tree to grow and reach the correct maturity size. The Black Gum produces bluish-black grape-shaped fruit. This fruit can attract wild animals, birds, and bees. The fruits ripen in the spring around September and October.

The Black Gum is known for its vibrant red leaves; this tree can hold different hues of red. The range of reds the tree can reach are gold yellows to dark purples. The fall colors on the Black Gum tree are beautiful, especially to wildlife. The Black Gum occasionally changes to a vibrant green color. The tones of the tree primarily depend on the time of year. When the tree begins to get older, it gets shorter. The Black Gum is well known for being a great honey producing tree. The trees start to decay from top to bottom, often the trees that are hollowing are cut down and used as beehives.

Black Gum offers a great showpiece in the fall months. With green, glossy leaves in the spring and summer months, the fall months provide a show of yellows, red, scarlet and orange! These colors attract birds of all species as well as the black gums sour berries which tend to get ripe before any other fruit. This tree has bark which resembles alligator hide because it is tough and a medium gray.