Planting shade trees can make a beautiful focal point for any garden. From the graceful beauty of red maple trees to the hearty air cleansing oak trees, there are many varieties to choose from. Take into consideration how well the tree will survive in the landscape it is intended for. Below are a few steps to make the planning process easier.
1. Decide how long you want the trees to last and how soon you want shade. Faster growing trees might deliver a more significant amount of shade sooner. However, species such as oak trees could have a more moderate growth pattern and be more likely to live for at least one hundred years. Because their wood is stronger, they will also be less vulnerable to elemental damage, such as from rain and snow storms. This also makes them suitable for planting around children's play areas, such as sandboxes and swing sets.
2. Choose the location in the garden or landscape where the tree will be located. Keep in mind that it should be where trees will provide the most sun protection. Usually, this is the southeast or southwest side of a dwelling.
Many people position a tree near a large window, to help with reducing heating and cooling energy usage. It is also recommended to plant trees around the outside of an air conditioner to increase efficiency up to at least 10 percent.
3. Examine various shade trees. Consider what qualities each tree can bring to the landscape, such as seasonal features, color, and texture. For instance, the shape of the leaves and their intensity.
Some trees have broader leaves with a coarse texture that will produce a more dense shade. More exceptional leaves will require a thick layer to provide a cooling shade below them.
Some examples might include Japanese red maple trees, for their graceful curves and layered branches that can be particularly beautiful in patio settings. Hearty oak trees can provide a significant canopy with plenty of room for people underneath it.
4. Consider trees with flowers, for winter berries or fall colors. However, also consider maintenance, since fallen leaves and flowers will need to be raked. Also, berries may sprout in the lawn under the tree.
5. Once you have narrowed down the type of tree you want, visit a nursery, online catalog or tree farm to look at specific varieties of trees. Find the shade trees that meet most, preferably all of your criteria.
6. Purchase a tree that is growing in a 5-gallon container and is 3 to 5 years old, such as red maple trees, for the easiest transplanting.