Soil erosion occurs naturally, and it can affect every type of landscape. Grounds that are farmed or landscaped can increase the risk of soil erosion. This is due to the tilling of the topsoil that is done to the land, which makes it more susceptible to being moved and blown away by rainwater and wind. Many rich nutrients are found in the topsoil, and when it erodes to another location, or to get caught in drain pipes, the land from which it eroded becomes less fertile and rich in natural minerals and healthy organic matter. Over time, this will make it difficult for plants to grow in the area as the soil loses its physical health.
Using Plants to Decrease Erosion
When the soil is overworked, erosion begins to occur. Ground cover plants help the land to remain intact and to retain valuable nutrients. The top layer of dirt stays in place better when it has sturdy foliage that acts as a cover, leaving it less exposed to being carried away by wind and rain. Ground cover also returns each year and can provide relief for overworked soil.
English Ivy is an attractive perennial that boasts a bright green color and has strong resistance to severe weather of many climates, and it also provides extra protection for at-risk top layers of dirt. By planting English Ivy, a person is ensuring that soil is better able to retain its nutrients and the area, when well-tended, is less dusty. This type of ivy is a climbing plant, and it is also ideal for quickly covering a barren field
Partridgeberry is native to North America, and it tolerates heavy shade and dry soil. This makes it an ideal ground cover to prevent erosion. This festive plant is low maintenance and is classified as a broadleaf evergreen. In addition to small red berries that appear on the plant when during its blooming season, partridgeberry also has beautiful white blooms, making it an appealing cover for landscaping areas that need protection and beautification.
Phlox plants are a beautiful flowering ground cover that can grow to four feet tall. Popular with light purple blooms, this plant is the perfect combination of attractiveness and function. It becomes well in sunny areas and should be planted in the early spring. This plant needs well-draining soil and thrives when compost and organic matter is added as growing support.
The Pachysandra Procumbens can grow to a foot tall, and it has billowy, showy leaves. It does best in shady areas and should initially be planted up six to twelve inches apart. These plants quickly reproduce and will need occasional thinning, which makes them ideal to create more seedlings to cover other areas that need protection from soil erosion.