Fern Plants

The Advantages of Planting Fern Plants


Ferns come from an ancient family of plants that have been growing on Earth for over 350 million years. They have seen a lot of changes on the planet since then, but themselves have remained remarkably unchanged, with their three central parts of the rhizome, the fronds, and the sporangia. They are hardy, non-flowering plants that do best in shallow, damp soil.

Unlike some plants, Ferns aren't too particular when it comes to the soil quality. Even relatively rocky soil will work as long as it is appropriately shaded and is in a place that stays warm and damp. A yearly application of mulch or other organic matter will help the fern remain in top condition.

One of the main benefits of growing ferns is that there are varieties that can grow well in every corner of the world, from rainforest to desert. This hardiness makes them unusually low maintenance when compared to some other plants.

Ferns are not showy and do not produce flowers like an annual plant, but can instead provide beautiful, feathery greenery under the right conditions. Not only do they require less maintenance than many other plants, but ferns also reproduce differently than plants that grow from roots or seeds.

On the underside of fertile fronds are spores that grow in casings called sporangia. In most ferns, these can be identified by the brown, black or orange patches found underneath the fronds. When the sporangia burst, the spores are released and will naturally propagate as long as the conditions are favorable.

Finally, while some ferns are susceptible to mealy bugs and scales, other varieties are extremely disease and pest resistant. As with any plant, the greenery should be inspected before purchase and no fern showing signs of pests or diseased should be introduced to the garden.