Coontail - Ceratophyllum
Coon Tail Plants - Ceratophyllum Demersum
The state of New Jersey is where you will typically find Coon Tail Plants, but they can also be found in other U.S. territories, as well as Canada. Many may recognize Coon Tail Plants under their common nickname, which is Hornwort. Coon Tail Plants typically have several leaves sprouting out of their stems that are equipped with forked teeth. These teethed leaves are often rough to the touch, despite their thin appearance. Coon Tail Plants are not anchored to the ground with roots, but they have airy stems that solidify them into the water's surface, allowing them to stay in place. These stems are called rhizoid roots. It is not uncommon, however, to notice them floating above the surface in large colonies. This particular species can reach over 15 feet high, so it is easy to spot them across large bodies of water.
Coon Tail Plants are an essential part of our aquatic ecosystems due to many fish such as perch and bluegill relying on them as a form of nourishment and habitat. Many smaller insects also use the plant for nutrients. The Coon Tail Plant itself lives by absorbing large amounts of nutrients from the surrounding water, so many other species rely on those nutrients as a vital part of their existence.
Coontail is also known as hornwort. The color of this plant is an olive green color. The Coontail has no roots and is a submerged perennial plant. This plant has very stiff leaves and grows in bunches to look like a coontail. The Coontail will grow wholly underwater and will sometimes float to the surface. This plant is found mostly in ponds and streams. The Coontail will die out in Autumn and will come back during the Spring and will eventually fill a lake.