The Many Gardening Advantages Of Planting Evergreens

As the name implies, evergreens are a group of plants that hold their leaves even in winter. The category includes a few broadleaf species like holly, but most members are conifers. The primary characteristics that unite conifers are needle leaves and the presence of seed cones. Conifers come in a massive range of sizes from ground covers to conical-shaped trees well over 100 feet tall. They can also add color to the garden with hues like blue-green, gray, silver, and yellow. These fascinating plants offer a slew of benefits to the garden including wildlife habitat, wind protection, year-round privacy, topiary, and exceptional shade. 
Image result for evergreens in  landscaping

As wildlife habitat, evergreens offer thick cover primarily for nesting birds. Dense conifers like blue spruce, eastern red cedar, or Douglas fir help to camouflage nests from threats like crows. In winter, the same cover provides extra protection for birds and squirrels from cold winds.
Just as evergreens shelter animals from high winds, they also protect the more extensive garden. The ability of conifers to function as windbreaks can be particularly helpful in the garden to shield weaker plants from being beaten down in high winds. Species that perform particularly well include Colorado blue spruce, Black Hills spruce, Norway spruce, and Canaan Fir.
The dense thicket supplied by tall, columnar evergreens like arborvitae can block prying eyes as quickly as it prevents the wind. Eastern red cedar is another species that form a relatively stable mass. Keep in mind that this quality is also suitable for noise control.
The towering spires created by arborvitae is quite attractive, but the application of topiary pruning can enhance their appearance. Typically, hollies and yews are thought of as top choices for topiary.
Finally, the dense shade created by evergreens can benefit the garden by keeping the ground below it moist for extended periods. Plants growing next to evergreen groundcovers like creeping juniper can tap into this extra source of water.