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Hazel Alder Live Stakes - Alnus Serrulata
Hazel Alder Live Stakes are a wonderful mix between a dark forest green and a lime green color, giving a slightly more diverse green. This plant also will bloom in spring and throughout summer producing reddish green flowers and brown fruit that has a cone-shaped appearance with ridged winged texture. The fruit will not be ready until late fall; it will be known that it is ready because the fruit will look similar to a pinecone. The leaves themselves are flat with a rough texture. Between all the colors during bloom, this is one beautiful plant that can be found near streams, ponds, and beside rivers, or even in peoples’ yards. The colors give a diverse effect with neutral colors making it perfect for almost any landscape.
This specific plant grows in a bush or shrub form but is technically a tree, which can be seen by the rather dark brown bark. The bark, however, is covered by the leaves down to the ground giving it the more bush like look. It will grow to a mature height of eight to twelve feet tall and twenty to thirty feet wide in approximately ten years. However, this is a fast-growing plant, averaging about three feet a year. Hazel Alder Live Stakes will grow best in zones three through eight. Optimal growing conditions for Hazel Alder Live Stakes is in a full sun area or partial shade and must have moist soils, such as the northeast region of the United States or wetlands.
Unknown to many Hazel Alder Live Stakes have been known also to be used as a medicine to assist with childbirth. Another aspect that makes this plant unique is that it can retain nitrogen from the soil, which means it can also grow in less fertile soil! This plant will not do well in wind or ice though and will obtain damage easily, so extra care will be needed in colder climates.
This small tree or large shrub is often seen growing along stream sides, riversides, swamps and in wetlands. It can be found in states along the east coast from as far north as Maine all the way down to northern Florida and as far west as the Mississippi River in the states of Oklahoma, Illinois and Missouri.
It takes approximately 10 years for this shrub to mature. At maturity it stands about eight to fifteen feet tall. Its leaves are dark green and elliptical in shape with vertical veins running parallel across its 2 to 4 inch length. The back of the leaves are a lighter green with a hairy surface. The leaf's edge is wavy. The dark green leaves are set off by the shrub's smooth trunk, which is covered in a thin bark of a dark gray brown color.
The Hazel alder requires full or partial exposure to sun. Some plants are female, some male and still some are monoecious, producing both flowers and catkins. In the spring it is one of the first plants to flower, producing small red female flowers and moderately long male yellow-brown catkins each spring. After the female trees are pollinated, the catkins change to a woody structure like a pine cone. In the fall, because the tree is deciduous and sheds its leaves.
The Hazel alder offers food to birds, deer and humans as the catkins are eaten by humans and are a good source of protein. The alder is a source for wood, often used to make guitars. It is also used to make herbal medicine when the bark is boiled to make a tea to treat diarrhea, coughs, sore mouths, birth pains and toothaches.
Hazel Alder Live Stakes are great small trees or can also be used as a border for your lawn. It is great to use in natural areas and will also provide some shade for your plants. You may even want to plant it on your lawn to use as a small shade tree. You can find these growing a lot of bodies of water.