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- Latin Name- Carya Hardy Planting Zone- 4-8 Mature Height- 60-80 ft Width- up to 60 ft Sun or Shade- Full Sun to Partial Sun
Hickory Tree - Genus Carya
The Hickory tree is a making up the genus Carya (ancient Greek known as nut) includes 17 to 19 species. Almost 12 of the species and native to the United States and the rest of the species (5-6) are native to China, (India (State of Assam), Indochina. Also, approximately 2-4 of the species are found in Canada and four of the species are found in Mexico. Large nuts, pinnately compound leaves are common components of deciduous trees and Hickories are deciduous trees.
Springtime is when Hickory flowers form, these yellow-green flowers are small. The Hickory flowers are self-incompatible and are some pollinated. The fruit of the Hickory is known as a globose or oval nut, which is enclosed within a four-value husk and at maturity, it splits open. The nutshell of the Hickory fruit is bony and thick in most species and some are thin, and known as the pecan. In addition, when the Hickory fruit seed germinates, it splits apart into two halves.
The lead stem of the Hickory is known as gall phylloxera (Phylloxera caryaecaulis) and uses the Hickory tree as a source of food. Aphids and Phylloreridae have a similar complex life cycle and in the early spring, the eggs hatch and galls are quick to form near developing insects. Usually harmless, Phylloxera galls have the ability to stress or weaken Hickories.
The springtime is when twigs and malformed leaves may fall as small animals may break off infected tissue and eat the galls, maybe because the galls are tasty to squirrels or for the protein content. Curculio (Conotrachelus elegans) also known as the pecan gall a weevil species feeds on galls on the Hickory leaf stem hall phylloxera.
Shock resistant, stiff, very hard and dense are words used to describe Hickory wood. When it comes to the commercial use of wood, Hickory is the choice because of the combination of stiffness, toughness, strength, and hardness
The Hickory Tree is an attractive tree that produces high branches that make it an ideal shade tree. It is easy to care for the tree, and it tolerates most soil types. The Hickory tree produces delicious and edible nuts at about 10 to 15 years of maturity it is a lovely addition to any yard. The Hickory Tree is a deciduous tree that produces small, yellow-green catkins in the spring. The Hickory tree is a great addition to any home and is perfect for providing refreshing shade to your backyard. It even produces delicious nuts. If you have this tree in your yard, you will be sure to attract some wildlife friends such as squirrels.