The mulberry tree (Morus spp.) is prized for its shade, beauty and edible fruit. There are several varieties of mulberry trees, each bearing a different color of edible fruit. The mulberries can be eaten raw, or made into pies, jams and wine. Mulberry trees are hardy in USDA growing zone 4-8, depending on the variety selected.
Appearance The mulberry tree is deciduous and produces mid-sized, saw-toothed leaves. Small white blooms appear in the early spring and give way to tiny green berries that will rapidly increase in size and develop their ripe color, which will be black, red or white, depending on the type of mulberry tree. The ripe berries resemble large blackberries and are plenteous. If berries are not desired, there is a variety of fruitless mulberry tree.
Planting Location Mulberry trees grow best in full sun and rich, moist soil like that found along rivers. However, these hardy trees will grow well in partial sun and poor soil. Mulberry trees will reach a mature height of between 30 to 70 feet, depending on variety. Trees grow an average of 5 feet per year until they reach mature height. Once established, a mulberry tree can live for hundreds of years. The tree is often planted along river banks or embankments to prevent soil erosion and are also planted for use as windbreaks. Plant 15-20 apart and away from structures and sidewalks to prevent stains from fallen, ripe mulberries.
Maintenance Mulberry trees are drought-tolerant, practically disease and pest-free, so the tree requires minimal maintenance. Prune sparingly when tree is dormant. Only remove dead or crowded limbs when pruning because mulberry trees are prone to bleeding and will not heal if a pruning cut is more than 2 inches in diameter.
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Latin Name- Morus USDA 3 - 9 Mature Height- 15-3 ft Mature Width- 10-15 ft Sun or Shade- Full Sun
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