The Many Gardening Advantages Of Planting Native Plants
There are many advantages to using native plants in home gardens, from saving money to saving birds. A native plant is one that grows and thrives naturally without human intervention. In the United States, those are plants indigenous to the area before Europeans began settling North America.
Native plants save money. Since they are hardy, long-living, and overgrow, they seldom need replacing. They become in harmony with local conditions and survive regional climate variations. Native perennials, whether they are wildflowers or groundcover, proliferate by reseeding or spreading. Native trees and shrubs provide sturdy landscape screens and are excellent choices for windbreaks.
Native plants reduce maintenance costs. Not only are native plants beautiful and robust, once established, but they also require little attention, saving maintenance time. They need minimal watering or fertilization from humans. They are resistant to disease, drought, and pests, and have a high transplant survival rate, which saves money on maintenance.
Native plants are better for the environment. In addition to requiring much less artificial watering than exotic plants, they need virtually no toxic fertilizers, herbicides or pesticides. The lush foliage and deep root systems of native plants prevent soil erosion and funnel water into the soil and prevents stormwater from washing into waterways. Since maintenance is low, noise and carbon pollution from gas mowers is reduced and trees with long lifespans, like oaks and maples, store the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide.
Native plants are homes and food sources for native creatures. Songbirds and butterflies may be beautiful visitors to a garden filled with native plants, but it is a symbiotic relationship. Birds, butterflies and beneficial insects not only get their nutrients from native plants, but they help pollinate and spread seeds to perpetuate the plants. They are all form an ecosystem’s food web that can support healthy flora and fauna for a beautiful garden for years to come.