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- Peat Moss- Sphagnum Hardy Planting Zones- 3-9 Sun or Shade- Shade Mature Height- 1"-3" Mature Width- varies Bloom Season- year round Gardener Status- Beginner
Peat moss is capable of holding water in its leaves. Peat moss can do wonders for soil improvement since it is made up of a dead, fiber-like material that has existed in peat bogs for millions of years also with a characteristic of having an absence of air in the substance. This slows the decomposition of peat moss, which creates an absorbent material. Peat moss prevents soil becoming hard to absorb rainfall, also known as compaction. Peat moss is a very absorbent material that must be used in potted plant mixes or garden soil. Soil compaction damages gardens, preventing soil from absorbing moisture.
One use of peat moss can last a garden for years to come. Peat moss is also sterile, which means that it doesn’t contain harmful viruses or bacteria that can infect your plants. Some plants such as blueberries need acidic soil to grow in because the ph of peat moss is somewhat acidic. The pluses of peat moss outweigh the minuses of peat moss, which are that peat moss is more expensive than potting soil you buy. Peat moss has low fertility because of the nutrients found in the soil. However, this doesn’t mean that peat moss has no fertility at all as some are mislead to believe.
Peat moss works for some plants but not others. Compost is thus a better peat moss alternative, which means it has more neutral or even alkaline pH. Peat moss is more useful for vegetable gardens, which require a ph of 6.0 and 6.8. Peat moss is best to use in dry soils that have low nutrients available. Vegetable gardens, on the other hand, do not need extremes between dry and wet soil. Peat moss is good to use starter seeds with, because there are equal parts of many compositions of the soil such as soil with perlite or vermiculite, with fewer amounts of lime and fertilizer that lowers the ph as well as feeds the plants.