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Prairie Trillium

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Prairie Trillium- Trillium recurvatum Hardy Planting Zones- 4-9 Sun or Shade – Full to Partial Shade Mature Height - 1-3' Mature Width- 6-12" Bloom Season – Spring (April-May) Gardener Status- Beginner

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Here's how your plants will look on arrival. All plants are dormant with no leaves or foliage.

Prairie Trillium - Trillium recurvatum

The Prairie Trillium, known to botanists as the Trillium recurvatum, is a prairie wildflower, initially found growing in central to eastern regions of the United States, in increasing bordered by Iowa, Texas, Pennsylvania, and North Carolina. The Prairie Trillium thrives in the conditions most commonly found in mesic zones. Mesic zones are common to drier regions of the earth, where they store and distribute water in a symbiotic relationship with arid neighbors. The trillium relies on that available water supply. While somewhat adaptable, under the right conditions, the Prairie Trillium typically grows in soils rich with calcium carbonate, usually lime or chalk, often underlying prairie grasslands. More rare to these types of conditions, the Prairie Trillium flowers each year and has fruit, and is, in fact, an early and prolific bloomer amongst its trillium cousins. A typical bloom consists of 3 maroon-colored petals, usually under an inch and a half in length, extending to a recurved, claw-like tip. The fruit of the trillium is greenish-brown in color, defined by six ridge-like growths on its outer sides, surrounded by leaves, grouped in triads, and dark green in appearance. The seeds contain elaiosomes, a nutritious food source for ants who carry the fruit home to their hills, dispersing the discarded seeds as they go. Despite help from the insect world, the trilliums do not grow or spread too quickly. Most Prairie Trilliums reach a height of one to two feet, with a width of about 12 inches. These plants go dormant for much of the summer, so for garden purposes, they are best planted side-by-side with perennials. The Prairie Trillium is not high maintenance but does require moist, partially acidic soil, and can be helped along by yearly mulching. These plants do not need any direct sunlight and do best in full to partial shade, usually developed for more naturalistic settings.

The Prairie Trillium grows anywhere from 6 inches to 12 inches in height. The stem of the plant is about 5 to 10 inches long and branches off into three leaves. These leave have three red petals that make a flower. The blooming season for these flowers is mid to late spring. This plant is rarely bothered by pests, making it easy to maintain. A single berry is present in this plant which offers many seeds. Beatles and flies are the main insects which feed on the pollen of this plant. This plant comes from Illinois where it is present in all of the wildlife. The beautiful flower grows in forests all across Illinois. This is a lovely plant that could accent ivy or moss in a more English style garden. This plant requires little maintenance and has a blooming period of 3 weeks.