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Red Trillium

Red Trillium

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$4.49
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Botanical Latin Name: Trillium erectum
Common Name: Red Trillium
Sun Exposure: Full to partial shade
Hardiness Zones: 4-9
Mature Height: 8-16 inches tall
Spread: 12-16 inches wide
Spacing: 12-18 inches
Growth Rate: This plant is a moderate grower
Flowering Time: Mid-late spring
How Long It Flowers: Two-three weeks long
Flower Color: Maroon to reddish purple color
Soil Requirements: Rich, moist, and well-drained soil is required
Pruning: Pruning is not needed
Flower Form: The red trillium is a beautiful maroon wildflower that grows from ¾-2 inches tall. It has one central stem, and at its tip, it has three widely spreading leaves. These leaves can be 3-8 inches in length as well as across. The surface of the upper leaf is a medium green, and the lower surface of the leaf is paler. This flowering plant produces an ascending stalk around 1½-3 inches tall ending with one nodding flower held above the leaves. The nodding flower consists of 3 maroon petals that curve slightly backward, three light green to greenish maroon sepals, six stamens, and a dark maroon ovary. Also known by its common names wake-robin or stinking Benjamin or Beth root is of the family Melanthiaceae. It is found in the temperature regions specifically in Eastern Canada, America, and Asia. It can be found in woodlands and deciduous forests with little to the full shade and well-drained soils. It thrives well in frigid weather, and flowers bloom from April to June. Some people use the young leaves to make a vegetable salad. Others use them to manufacture medicines to treat skin irritations, bruises; while others use it as ornamentals to beautify their gardens. Hardy zones 4 – 9.