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Red Trillium

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Latin Name - Trillium Luteum Hardy Planting Zones- 4-9 Sun or Shade - Full to Partial Shade Mature Height - 12-16" Mature Width- 12" Bloom Season - Mid to Late Spring (April to June) Gardener Status- Beginner

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Here's how your plants will look on arrival. All plants are dormant with no leaves or foliage.

Red Trillium - Trillium erectum


Red Trillium is a flowering plant that also goes by the names, Beth Root, Stinking Benjamin, Purple Trillium, and Wake-Robin, it is a member of the Lily family. The plant is known for having one single reddish, to purple flower on a stem that grows from eight to sixteen inches in height. The leaves of the plant can be up to seven inches long. One distinctive trait of this plant is the unpleasant odor of the flower; some describe the aroma as reminiscent of wet dog. The plant flowers from April to June. This plant is natural to grow; it enjoys partial shade and moist soil that is well drained. It can grow in a sunny location, as long as it's given enough water. This plant is a perennial, which means it will come back each year. In the spring cover the plant with a layer of organic matter, and be sure to water thoroughly to keep the soil moist throughout the growing season. Red Trillium like the land that is a bit acidic. As the plants spread, gardeners may want to transplant some, it's best to do this when the plant is flowering, for best results. While the flowers are attractive, and it may be tempting to cut some to bring inside, refrain from doing so. The stress of having its flower cut is often too much for the plant and can cause the entire plant to die. These plants can be grown from seeds. However, it will take several years before the gardener should expect to see flowers. Cuttings allow the gardener to see results faster. Fertilizer is not needed, as long as the plants have compost in the spring. These plants are easy to care for and grow like wildflowers in Asia and areas of North America. However, don't be tempted to pick them in the wild, they won't transplant well, and in some areas are endangered, it's always best to get them from a nursery.

Botanical Latin Name: Trillium erectum
Common Name: Red Trillium
Sun Exposure: Full to partial shade
Hardiness Zones: 4-9
Mature Height: 8-16 inches tall
Spread: 12-16 inches wide
Spacing: 12-18 inches
Growth Rate: This plant is a moderate grower
Flowering Time: Mid-late spring
How Long It Flowers: Two-three weeks long
Flower Color: Maroon to reddish purple color
Soil Requirements: Rich, moist, and well-drained soil is required
Pruning: Pruning is not needed
Flower Form: The red trillium is a beautiful maroon wildflower that grows from ¾-2 inches tall. It has one central stem, and at its tip, it has three widely spreading leaves. These leaves can be 3-8 inches in length as well as across. The surface of the upper sheet is a medium green, and the lower surface of the blade is paler. This flowering plant produces an ascending stalk around 1½-3 inches tall ending with one nodding flower held above the leaves. The nodding flower consists of 3 maroon petals that curve slightly backward, three light green to greenish maroon sepals, six stamens, and a dark maroon ovary. Also known by its common names wake-robin or stinking Benjamin or Beth root is of the family Melanthiaceae. It is found in the temperature regions specifically in Eastern Canada, America, and Asia. It can be found in woodlands and deciduous forests with little to the full shade and well-drained soils. It thrives well in frigid weather, and flowers bloom from April to June. Some people use the young leaves to make a vegetable salad. Others use them to manufacture medicines to treat skin irritations, bruises; while others use it as ornamentals to beautify their gardens. Hardy zones 4 – 9.