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River Cane - Arundinaria
River Cane (Arundinaria) is the only native bamboo type of canes that are found in North America. It is a member of the grass family. River cane can mostly be found in rural wetland or swamp areas and along flood planes. It is a very fast growing plant. It is a great landscaping plant for lakes or ponds. River Cane is native to south central to the southeastern United States. River cane grows best in sandy loam to clay loam soil and tolerates heat and humidity well. This type of bamboo can grow in the ground or containers. Special care is required for planting river cane and establishing a strong root system. It can be planted in a garden bed that has good drainage. Well, drained soil requires more water than a rich clay soil, Rivercane needs plenty of water, but not so much that the plant drowns. When planting in garden beds or containers, one must keep this in mind for watering. It has a distinctive fan-like cluster of leaves at the top of new stems, called the top knot. River Cane has a natural tendency to form monodominant stands called canebrakes. As a monopod, river cane grows upward from a single point. It will grow for decades, flower once and then die immediately afterward. Newly sprouted cane can reach its maximum height within just a matter of weeks. River cane produces rarely produces seeds; they usually reproduce vegetatively. When seed production does occur, the colony uses dies afterward. Once it is harvested the river cane can be used for basket weaving and many other crafts; it is also commonly used in decorative pots indoors. The river cane thrives in moist conditions and can be found around the edge of the water. This is a warm weather grass and will grow very well in summer months. This is a delicious grass to attract birds and small wildlife.