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Smooth Cordgrass – Spartina Alterniflora
Smooth Cordgrass - Spartina alterniflora
Smooth cordgrass, is characterized by flat leaf blades that are smooth and tall with spongy stems. It may be anywhere from two to seven feet tall and spreads extensively. Plenty of mammals and marsh birds alike enjoy using the plant for food and cover needs. Geese flock to munch on the roots in winter while the innocent deer may be viewed browsing the leaves. Various birds may eat the seeds. Other common names are Marsh Grass and Saltwater Cordgrass. Although green in spring and summertime, late fall and winter turn it light brown. In summer and fall the flowering stalk, which looks like wheat, makes an appearance. The yellow flowers which are spikes of four to 12 inches long come out in late summer to fall after that the seeds ripen. Planted in a group the grass has a more wild energy and darkly beautiful quality akin to a windy seashore. Wildlife gardens or coastal prairie gardens are the perfect place of magnificence to place it. Additional plants to consider for the ideal grouping would be some gayfeather and goldenrod. It has origins in the Chesapeake Bay where the fiddler crab, marsh periwinkle, and ribbed mussel abide. There are many reasons why the plant is important to the environment. Of all marsh grasses, smooth cordgrass is the most productive. Its normal habitat includes the wetlands like beaches, salt marshes and tidal flats where it loves salt water. Marsh health depends on it to contribute organic material during composition. It also helps stop the erosion of shorelines by binding to banks utilizing its intricate root system to prevent damage the tide could cause. Luckily for the habitat, the plant lives a long time. A lot of room should be allowed for the smooth cordgrass to grow as it eventually forms thick mats. For best results, plant in moist to wet, sandy soil and place in full sun.
Smooth cordgrass is a perennial. This grass will grow back year after year. This grass will grow right in the moist soil. The soft cord grass is very common near either a pond, lake or even a little sandbar in the ocean.