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Staghorn Sumac Rhus Typhina

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Latin Name- Rhus Aromatica Hardy Planting Zone- 3-9 Mature Height- 2-20 ft Width- 10-15 ft Sun or Shade- Prefers Full Sun to Partial Shade

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Here's how your plants will look on arrival. All plants are dormant with no leaves or foliage.

Rhus Typhina – Staghorn Sumac

Staghorn Sumac comes from the Anacardiaceae Family; its Latin name is Rhus Typhina “Laciniata” The young branches are a fuzzy texture similar to a deer's antlers when in velvet. The conical fuzzy berry clusters appear on female trees, and the female produces the seeds. The staghorn sumac is dioecious, and large clumps are on male or female trees. The colors of trees in the fall are orange, gold, and scarlet. The leaves are dark green, smooth on top, pale underneath, tropically ferny and palmy look. Compact clusters have greenish-yellow flowers. The tree self-propagates from root suckers. The bark is very fragile and is susceptible to damage from mowers and weed eaters. The fruiting head is a cluster of round red hairy fruit called drupes. Staghorn Sumac is not related to poison sumac.

Staghorn Sumac has been used as far back as the Native American's and Frontier Folk; who made lemon flavored tea. Fruit soaked and washed strained sweetened made in pink lemonade. Native American and Canadian Indian tribes used drupes to treat bladder digestive reproductive and respiratory ailments infections, injuries, stomachache, blisters, antidiarrheal, anti-hemorrhagic treatments, cold remedy, mouthwash, asthma treatment, tuberculosis remedy, sore throat, ear medication, eye medication, astringent, heart medication, ulcer treatments and arrow wounds. Chippewa stewed drupes to treat gas indigestion and other digestive upset. Iroquois as laxative diuretic expectorant liver aid. Early pioneers reduce fevers mixed with honey to make cough syrup. The inner bark is used to treat hemorrhoids. An emetic tea can be made to induce vomiting. The berries contain malic acid, anti-fungal, putative anti-fungal activity. Sumac juice can replace lemon particular if you suffer from citrus allergies.

Berries are used in salads, meat dishes, hummus, kebabs, and sprinkled over cooked rice because of the lemon-like sour taste. Individuals allergic to cashews or mangoes should avoid the Staghorn Sumac. A sumac-ade natural alternative to kool-aid.


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