The American Sycamore, otherwise known as a buttonball or buttonwood tree, is the largest indigenous tree in North America. Because of this, Sycamores require a lot of space to grow. This tree grows best in zones 4-9 and requires full sunlight to ensure maximum growth. These trees require clay, sandy, or loamy soils and average to wet conditions. A fast grower, the Sycamore can grow over 2 feet each year and reach a maximum height of 75-100 feet tall. At full maturity, they can be over 80 feet in spread width. Sycamores make great shade trees in large yards or fields.
Sycamores are large trees that will house a variety of wildlife, from squirrels to wild birds. The seeds produced are eaten by birds and other small animals. The appearance of the bark is unique and multi-colored, featuring shades of green, brown and yellow against white, as the old bark sheds away. The leaves on this tree are very large, up to ten inches wide, and feature a glossy green top and a soft, white underside. They closely resemble Maple leaves. The seeds grow in balls, hence the name buttonball tree.
These hardy trees are used in areas where the soil is hard packed and not suitable for other growth. They also make a nice addition to parks and river banks, as well as wetland and floodplain areas. The ability to survive in very wet soils makes this tree a natural for areas where other hardwoods fail. Considered a valuable timber tree, the trunk of a mature Sycamore can measure up to ten feet in diameter. Trees such as Sycamores are natural noise buffers and offer excellent shade, while being tolerant of urban as well as rural conditions. These trees are shipped in containers to your home for quick planting and superior plant health.