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- Common Fern Moss - Thuidium Delicatulum 4a to 8a Partial Sun to Medium Shade 4" to 16" tall Several Inches Wide Spring Growing Season Beginner Status
Scientifically referred to as Thuidium delicatulum. Its a pleurocarpous evergreen perennial and forms lose mat. Leaves are green or yellowish green, triple-pinnate or double-pinnate. The Leaves central stems can reach 8.5 cm, having narrow scale-like densely covered up to 0.5mm. Large stems leaf, about 1mm long. Broad ovate leaves to triangular-ovate shape, revolute or smooth along the margins. On the outside, it looks convex. Leaves midrib extend towards the tips. The compound leaf has several leafy primary radiant branches at 45-900 from the central system. Primary branches leaves are 0.5 mm while secondary 0.3 mm but all look similar except the length difference. They share same axis and respective central branch or stem. Stalks have spore-bearing producing capsules which become frequently produced from moss. If they occur, their length range 1.5 to 4.5 cm, light green color to dull red, smooth, and terete. At the apex, in every stalk, there is a solitary capsule bearing spores. The root system is having fibrous rhizoids.
They prefer partial sun and medium shade, wet soil and moist conditions, hums or acidic soil, and protected from prevailing wind. It can grow in rotting wooden logs, weathered sandstone rock where areas are protected, moist and shaded like wooden ravines.
It occasionally occurs in east-central, North East, and southern parts of Illinois and rest of state become absent or uncommon. Widely distributed in North America. In Illinois, habitat is humus, ground soil, hillsides and wooded bluffs, swampy woods, pine groves at the northern edge, tree bases, shaded creek banks, hummocks in tamarack swamps, wet sandstone, underneath trees along the rivers. The moss is mostly found in areas with high quality natural.
It can be used to as material for nests construction by birds, food for frozen woolly mammoth as it was found in its digestive tract even though not known to have been eaten accidentally or not. Offer the small vertebrate and invertebrates protection when it forms colonial mats.
It is referred to as among the most attractive in Illinois. Currently, they have become packing materials, hanging basket liners, terrariums, and soil potted plants covers.
It is easy to grow and maintain and does not take a lot of care. It does great when added to various soils and can adapt very well.