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White Oak Tree

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Latin Name- Quercus Alba Hardy Planting Zone-3-9 Mature Height- 70-100 ft Width-40-50 ft Sun or Shade- Prefers Full Sun

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White Oak Tree



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White Oak - Quercus alba


The White Oak tree is one that grows beautifully all over the United States. It can grow hardily in zones 3 through 9, allowing any and all to be graced with its beautiful colors. The White Oak grows at a rather slow rate, with less than 12 to 24 inches per year, but does not reach a mature height until it reaches an average of 50 to 80 feet tall. Often, fully mature White Oaks can be found to reach 100 feet tall, earning them the nickname of “gentle giants.” Their roots grow deep and wide, which means that transporting once planted is often not recommended. White Oaks are known for their beautiful fall leaf colors as well as the fact that their branches spread up to nearly 80 feet to provide a canopy of shade from the sunlight during hot summer days. They produce two separate types of flowers. The first is called a catkin, which is a yellow flower that is approximately 4 inches long. The second is a small red, spiky flower. Together, these flowers produce acorns, allowing wildlife an opportunity to collect for eating purposes. White Oaks grow better with an acidic to neutral soil. Preferably in thick, moist, but well-drained soil areas. They are intolerant to alkaline and shallow soils. Showing off its true strength, the White Oak can survive droughts as well as overly wet soil, during hectic weather changes. White Oaks need at least 4 hours of true sunlight each day to grow to their full potential. The White Oak is a beautiful addition to any place it may be planted. Once it’s initial planting is done, it requires very little personal care outside of what nature provides, making it a not only a beautiful tree but an easy tree as well, to add to your landscaping.


The White Oak Tree has one of the longest lifespans of any of the oak trees. This tree is considered a moderate growing tree and grows up to 2 feet per year. This makes it an excellent shade tree in the summer. However, since it is so large, take into consideration its mature size when planting. The leaves on this tree are an emerald green in the spring and summer but will turn to a dark red in autumn. It will produce large acorns after it is about 20 years old.